 # Simple Clojure Exercises

Note: This is a class activity, nothing needs to be delivered.

Create a Clojure source file called simple.clj. At the begining of the file add this code:

(require '[clojure.test :refer [deftest is run-tests]])

(run-tests)

All the code you write should go between these two instructions.

1. Write a function called f2c that takes a temperature $$f$$ in degrees Fahrenheit and converts it to degrees Celsius. Unit tests:

(deftest test-f2c
(is (= 100.0 (f2c 212.0)))
(is (= 0.0 (f2c 32.0)))
(is (= -40.0 (f2c -40.0))))

TIP: If $$F$$ is a temperature in degrees Fahrenheit, to convert it to $$C$$ degrees Celsius we must use the following formula:

$$C = \frac{5 (F - 32)}{9}$$
2. Write a function called sign that takes an integer value n. It returns -1 if n is negative, 1 if n is positive greater than zero, or 0 if n is zero. Unit tests:

(deftest test-sign
(is (= -1 (sign -5)))
(is (= 1 (sign 10)))
(is (= 0 (sign 0))))

3. Write a function called roots that returns a vector containing the two possible roots that solve a quadratic equation given its three coefficients (a, b, c) using the following formula:

$$x=\frac{-b\pm \sqrt{b^2-4ac}}{2a}$$

Unit tests:

(deftest test-roots
(is (= [-1 -1] (roots 2 4 2)))
(is (= [0 0] (roots 1 0 0)))
(is (= [-1/4 -1] (roots 4 5 1))))


Tip: To obtain the square root of a number, use the sqrt function defined in the clojure.math.numeric-tower namespace, like this:

(require '[clojure.math.numeric-tower :refer [sqrt]])

(sqrt 25)
=> 5

4. The BMI (body mass index) is used to determine if a person's weight and height proportion is adequate. The BMI may be calculated using the following formula:

$$\textit{BMI} = \frac{\textit{weight}}{\textit{height}^2}$$

Where $$\textit{weight}$$ should be given in kilograms and $$\textit{height}$$ in meters. The following table shows how different BMI ranges are classified:

BMI range Description
BMI < 20 underweight
20 ≤ BMI < 25 normal
25 ≤ BMI < 30 obese1
30 ≤ BMI < 40 obese2
40 ≤ BMI obese3

Write a function called bmi that takes two arguments: weight and height. It should return a symbol that represents the corresponding BMI description computed from its input.

Unit tests:

(deftest test-bmi
(is (= 'underweight (bmi 45 1.7)))
(is (= 'normal (bmi 55 1.5)))
(is (= 'obese1 (bmi 76 1.7)))
(is (= 'obese2 (bmi 81 1.6)))
(is (= 'obese3 (bmi 120 1.6))))